Resuming stored ABC runs

In this examle, it is illustrated how stored ABC runs can be loaded and continued later on. This might make sense if you decide later on to run a couple more populations for increased accuracy. The models used in this example are similar to the ones from the parameter inference tutorial.

This notebook can be downloaded here: Resuming stored ABC runs.

In this example, we’re going to use the following classes:

  • ABCSMC, our entry point to parameter inference,
  • RV, to define the prior over a single parameter,
  • Distribution, to define the prior over a possibly higher dimensional parameter space,

Let’s start with the imports.

In [1]:
from pyabc import ABCSMC, Distribution, RV
import scipy as sp
from tempfile import gettempdir
import os

As usually, we start with the definition of the model, the prior and the distance function.

In [2]:
def model(parameter):
    return {"data": parameter["mean"] + sp.randn()}

prior = Distribution(mean=RV("uniform", 0, 5))

def distance(x, y):
    return abs(x["data"] - y["data"])

db = "sqlite:///" + os.path.join(gettempdir(), "test.db")

We next make a new ABC-SMC run and also print the id of this run. We’ll use the id later on to resume the run.

In [3]:
abc = ABCSMC(model, prior, distance)
run_id =, {"data": 2.5})
print("Run ID:", run_id)
INFO:Epsilon:initial epsilon is 1.3697711153247487
INFO:History:Start <ABCSMC(id=1, start_time=2018-04-13 07:36:51.872404, end_time=None)>
Run ID: 1

We then run up to 3 generations, or until the acceptance threshold 0.1 is reached – whatever happens first.

In [4]:
history =, max_nr_populations=3)
INFO:ABC:t:0 eps:1.3697711153247487
INFO:ABC:t:1 eps:0.5172691576801918
INFO:ABC:t:2 eps:0.2928863665876969
INFO:History:Done <ABCSMC(id=1, start_time=2018-04-13 07:36:51.872404, end_time=2018-04-13 07:37:00.520509)>

Let’s verify that we have 3 populations.

In [5]:
We now create a completely new ABCSMC object. We pass the same model, prior and distance from before.
In [6]:
abc_continued = ABCSMC(model, prior, distance)


You could actually pass different models, priors and distance functions here. This might make sense if, for example, in the meantime you came up with a more efficient model implementation or distance function.

For the experts: under certain circumstances it can even be mathematically correct to change the prior after a couple of populations.

To resume a run, we use the load method. This loads the necessary data. We pass to this method the id of the run we want to continue.

In [7]:
abc_continued.load(db, run_id)
In [8]:, max_nr_populations=1)
INFO:ABC:t:3 eps:0.149252346474968
INFO:History:Done <ABCSMC(id=1, start_time=2018-04-13 07:36:51.872404, end_time=2018-04-13 07:37:06.248702)>
< at 0x7fa060876cf8>

Let’s check the number of populations of the resumed run. It should be 4, as we did 3 populations before and added another one.

In [9]:

That’s it. This was a basic tutorial on how to continue stored ABC-SMC runs.